What is robotic spine surgery?

robotic spine surgery

Robotic spine surgery, or robot-assisted spine surgery, describes the use of robotic technology to assist with guidance during spinal neurosurgery. Traditionally, neurosurgeons have placed instrumentation in the spine “freehand,” relying on their knowledge of anatomy and on X-rays

There is little margin for error with pedicle screw placement, because screw malposition may lead to serious complications, such as neurologic or vascular injury. Robotic systems provide a degree of accuracy comparable to that of already-established methods of screw placement, including free-hand, fluoroscopically assisted, and computed tomography–assisted screw placement.


  • Fixations of cervical and thoracolumbar spine
  • Lumbo-sacral fixation
  • Cranio-vertebral junction surgery
  • Complex deformity correction
  • Revision spine surgery
  • Resection of neoplastic lesion


Am I a good candidate for robotic spine surgery?

You may be a good candidate for robotic spine surgery if you need to have one of the procedures listed above. However, the use of robotic surgery varies widely. It depends on factors such as physician training and equipment availability. Talk to your doctor about whether robotic spine surgery is an option for you and how it compares to other techniques.

Is robotic spine surgery safe?

Currently, all surgeons have at least some proficiency with freehand pedicle screw techniques. While the available robotic systems are highly accurate and safe, the surgeon still must know the general landmarks and trajectories for screw placement

Is robotic spine surgery better?

Because it's a minimally invasive procedure, you can expect to heal more quickly and safely than with open surgery. But not every spine surgeon is qualified to perform robotic surgery. We recommend selecting a surgeon who has performed at least 100 procedures using robotic technology

How long is hospital stay after robotic surgery?

Most robotic hysterectomy patients return home the day of their surgery, after a two- to three-hour recovery period. Patients regain mobility within one day of surgery. Ninety percent of patients return to light physical activity and driving within a week and return to desk jobs after two weeks.



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